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Metabolic Syndrome


Metabolic Syndrome is a cluster of conditions that increase the risk of heart disease. The National Cholesterol Education Program states that patients with Metabolic Syndrome have three or more of these five criteria:

  • Abdominal obesity (waist circumference >102 cm in men, and >88 cm in women)
  • High levels of blood triglycerides (>1.69 mmol/litre)
  • Low HDL (<1.04 mmol/litre in men and <1.29 mmol/litre in women)
  • Hypertension (>130/85 mmHg)
  • Elevated fasting glucose (>5.5 mmol/litre)

All the symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome are related to three key factors: insulin resistance, visceral obesity and endothelial (blood vessels) dysfunction. These three factors perpetuate each other in a vicious cycle. Some of the mediators of these dysfunctional interactions are free fatty acids, inflammatory cytokines (cell signals), insulin, nitric oxide and glycated proteins (proteins bound to sugar)…

Cause / Risk Factors

Major causative factors and risk factors that can contribute to the incidence of Metabolic Syndrome include the following:

  • High calorie diet
  • High glycaemic load diet
  • High fat diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Chronic stress
  • Toxicity
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Chronic inflammation

Signs & Symptoms

  • Acne
  • Diabetes
  • Early Puberty
  • Infertility
  • Sleep Apnoea
  • Snoring
  • Daytime Fatigue
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Depression
  • Tinnitus
  • Migraines
  • Myopia
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • Heart Attack


In order to obtain optimal results, the patient might consider a holistic approach that integrates several treatments to address biochemical, physiological, energetic, emotional and/or spiritual imbalances.

Biomedical Treatment

Biomedical or Nutritional and Environmental doctors and practitioners use treatments that include Diet, Nutrient Therapy, Detoxification and treatment of infections.

It is recommended that a patient consult a qualified Practitioner to assess their symptoms and case history and explore their dividual need to:

  • Screen for food sensitivities and allergies
  • Improve gastro intestinal health to support the vegas nerve and brain and immune function
  • Support neurotransmitter function
  • Supply fat soluble nutrients for brain structure and function
  • Reduce toxicity and heavy metal accumulation
  • Eliminate germs (bacteria, yeast, virus, parasites) to reduce immune response and nutritional deficiencies that can disrupt brain development and function
  • Address nutritional deficiencies/Provide essential nutrients
  • Regulate blood glucose and establish healthy eating habits

To find a Nutritional or Biomedical practitioner near you, click here

Diet and Lifestyle

Dietary and lifestyle guidelines may assist in the management of Metabolic Syndrome:

  • Weight reduction where appropriate is essential. A Ketogenic Diet is a safe fat loss program that burns fat quickly, helps to lower blood triglycerides and increase beneficial HDL levels.
  • Diet should be relatively low fat, especially saturated (animal) fats. Essential fatty acids from nuts, seed and fish should be emphasised.
  • Refined carbohydrates including sugar, sweets, fruit juices, white breads, pasta and potatoes should be avoided. These foods have a high glycaemic index and are damaging in any amount.
  • A diet high in fresh fruit (whole), vegetables (non-starchy), essential fatty acids and lean protein sources provides essential phytonutrients, antioxidants, magnesium and helps to control inflammatory processes in the blood vessels.
  • Smoking cessation is the highest priority in currently smoking patients.
  • Regular aerobic exercise (starting slowly and increasing as patient’s fitness improves) has been shown to stimulate non-insulin dependant glucose transport into cells.
  • Red wine, dark chocolate and other sources of phytonutrients such as green tea may be useful in moderation to reduce inflammation and plaque formation, and support healthy nitric oxide production.
  • Maintaining dietary fibre is an important part of dietary management. Water soluble fibres, taken with adequate water, swell in the stomach to create a sensation of fullness which helps reduce appetite. They also help prevent cholesterol absorption from the gut and promote ease of elimination.
  • Stress management techniques, such as yoga, meditation and exercise are advised.

Recommended Books

  • Primal Body, Primal Mindd
  • Gut and Psychology Syndrome
  • Breaking the Vicious Cycle
  • Paleo Comfort Foods
  • Healing Foods
  • Supercharged Foods
  • Grain-Free Gourmet

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